Wood Shake Roof

In North America shakes are typically made from Western Red Cedar (Thuja plicata), while in Scandinavia and Central Europe they are more commonly made from pine (Pinus sylvestris). There are various types of shakes, the main differentiating feature between shakes and other types of shingles is that shakes are split while most shingles are sawn on all sides. The sizes also vary from country to country; in North America shakes are usually made in 24-inch lengths – the most common, 18-inch barn shake, or even 48-inch shakes, which are typically used for siding. In Scandinavia shakes, traditionally used only for roofing, are generally smaller than in North America, measuring 13-16 inches long, 4-6 inches wide and 1/8 thick.[1] Likewise wooden shingles are manufactured in differing lengths, in North America, 15-inch, 18-inch and 24 inches.

Both shakes and wooden shingles are typically cut from salvage logs, dead trees which were left from previous logging operations, or selective logging of dead trees; this depends on area licensing.